Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib (a.s)
The Commander of the Faithful, the first of the Imams of the Believers, the divinely appointed ruler over the community, the brother of the Apostle of Allah, the husband of Lady Fatima, the father of the two Princes of Paradise; Ali ibn Abi Talib (as)
He was born in the Ka’ba on Friday the thirteenth of Rajab. Imam Ali (as) remains the only person to ever attain this honour, his position is elevated by the Most High, his virtue imprinted since the day of his birth.
His piety, asceticism, and righteousness singled him out from amongst all the other relations and companions of the Prophet (sawa). There is no man comparable to Imam Ali, except for the Mercy of Mankind (sawa) himself. Imam Ali (as) was divinely appointed in the Qur’an, where He the Magnified and Exalted says:
Your authority is God and His Apostle and those believers who perform the prayer and pay zakat whilst they are bowing in prayer.
No one except for Amir ul Mo’mineen (a.s) holds this virtue; he who gave zakat whilst in the state of ru’ku.
On the Day of Ghadeer, Prophet Muhammed (sawa) coherently stated:
Whomsoever I am the Maula (authority) over, Ali is also the Maula (authority) over.
The Companions conveyed their commendations and pledged allegiance to Imam Ali (as) that after the Prophet (sawa), he was to be the Leader of the Muslims.
Although the Imamate of Imam Ali (a.s) was for thirty six years following the departure of the Prophet (sawa), he was prevented from administering the laws of his office and was forced into withdrawal. For five years of resuming the caliphate, after the death of Uthman, he was troubled with wars, hypocrites, and those who broke their oath of allegiance and deviated – in the same way Prophet Muhammed (sawa) faced tribulations from the munafiqun.
The death of the Commander of the Faithful occurred on the 21st of shahr Ramadhan. He was struck whilst in sujood, in the most blessed of months by Ibn Muljim, may Allah’s severest curse be upon him. Amir ul Mo’mineen (as) became shaheed and met his Lord, the Exalted, as a righteous servant who had been wronged and oppressed by his people. His two sons, Imam Hassan (as) and Imam Hussain (as) performed the tasks of washing and shrouding their father (as). They then carried him to Najaf, where he was buried without a trace in fear of the hostile Umayyad regime abusing and attacking his grave.
Today Najaf is the symbol for the Prince of Believers; the Commander of the Faithful; the Father of the Orphans; our Maula, Ali ibn Abi Talib (a.s)